Although research integrity is a growing concern at many different levels of policy making and for multiple institutions, including international and European actors, its regulation is characterised by a marked national dimension. There are signs, however, pointing towards an increased European turn in the regulatory approach deployed to both promote research integrity and fight against scientific misconduct. Sometimes, these signs appear to mirror a deliberate policy choice, while occasionally they are trigged by the progressive harmonisation of other fields: the recent review of the personal data protection legal landscape of the European Union, for instance, has led to the adoption of a General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that conditions the validity to individuals' consent to the processing of their personal data for scientific research to the respect of 'recognised ethical standards for scientific research', leaving open (and in need of an answer) the question of which ethical standards would those exactly be.This contribution explores the current state of the regulation of research integrity in Europe in light of the tensions pushing forward its Europeanisation, and discusses its main challenges. To this purpose, it focuses on existing legal (and soft-law instruments) that directly or indirectly set in motion such Europeanisation. It based on worked carried out in the context of the EU-funded project Promoting Integrity as an Integral Dimension of Excellence in Research (PRINTEGER).
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