The EU-China Identity in Global Energy Politics and its Impact to Energy Cooperation

Xiaoguang Wang

Barely after several decades development, it is almost well-known in the political science circle that the "Identity" matters. The idea has been employed widely, in terms of war, nationalist mobilization, social movement, voting behaviour, elite politics, and etc. In a sharp comparison, scholarship has paid less attention on seizing the concept to account for economic politics. This is what this paper is trying to fulfill, precisely about energy issue. The EU and China are two economic giants who are both experiencing energy transition, in which politicians wish to realize energy security and economic boom simultaneously. However, both sides are in uncertainty. In Europe, German Atomausstieg runs with British newly planned nuclear power station while Danish wind power thriving coexists with Polish coal restoration; in China, the energy sector is struggling between the motor for economic speedup and monster for deteriorating environmental problems. "Who Am I" is not an easy question when it comes to energy field. In high politics, both the EU and China have agree to underpin the energy cooperation as an indispensable part of their "comprehensive strategic partnership". To what extent, the European and Chinese sides form their respective "identity" in global energy relations and their own energy shift is the puzzle paper wishes to explore. In addition, the paper plans to assess the "energy identity"'s influence over the EU-China cooperation.

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