Competing Normative Powers and Challenges for EU's Normative Power in East and Southeast Asia

Shichen Wang

This article contends that, in order to understand global affairs, not only crises and conflicts need to be examined, but also long-term processes which result from the competition between normative powers. These normative powers have the potential to set or influence the organizing principles and the rules of the game in other countries and regions as well as the international system in general. The article focuses on the European Union's potential as a normative power. The characteristic of Asian countries' inconsistent norms between political and societal level is taken into consideration. A model consisting of several indicators is established in order to compare between the competing normative powers in Asia. Examining where the EU has succeeded and where it has failed to behave as a normative power, it argues that the EU is losing the normative power game against China, US and ASEAN in Asia, specifically in Greater China including Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, East Asia including Japan and South Korea and Southeast Asia including ten ASEAN member states.

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