A growing feature of global environmental governance is transnational networks engaged in the transfer of policy, vertically across multiple scales and horizontally between state and non-state actors. One international organisation increasingly employing transnational networks to support its external environmental governance is the European Union (EU) but significant questions arise over the effectiveness of these networks. This paper utilises extensive documentary and interview analysis to explore how and to what extent the EU has successfully transferred its water policy to two specific regions – Africa and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) – through its Water Initiative networks. Analysis shows that the same network design can produce different outcomes, with contextual factors in non-EU countries being important in explaining these differences.
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