Who Shapes Crisis Management? Assessing German Multilateralism through Security Relationships from Kosovo to Afghanistan

Alexander Wochnik

This project investigates Germany's foreign and security policy engagement in Kosovo and Afghanistan, examining whether it is the 'reluctant hegemon' it has often been portrayed to be, and considering how its commitment to multilateralism influences its key relationships within multinational interventions. Overall, the paper investigates how German cooperation and competition with key allies influences the course of multilateral missions: in the case of EULEX, the paper is particularly concerned with investigating the extent to which Germany has 'uploaded' its policy commitments to democracy promotion and reconciliation, and how these are apparent in the mission objectives. The paper also draws on comparisons with Germany's involvement in and contribution to key policies in NATO's International Stabilisation Force in Afghanistan (ISAF). The paper argues that Germany tends to have a much stronger voice in multilateral missions, especially EULEX, than is generally credited. The overall aim of the paper is to discuss how single actors operating within EU missions may contribute to overall policy shaping, and the effects that this has for the mission as a whole.

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