National Equality Bodies and Europeanization of National Administration

Laura Asarite

There are multiple factors on the European and the national level that can contribute to the Europeanization of the national administration. This paper will concentrate on the Europeanization of anti-discrimination policy and the rarely researched role of national equality bodies in this context. Having been created by the EU legislation these bodies are at the core of protection against discrimination in the Member States. What is more, a significant feature of these bodies is exchange of knowledge and experiences with their counterparts on the European level within the framework of Equinet (European Network of Equality Bodies). Through this networking a certain level of common knowledge and approach is created, thus leading to Europeanization of their work. The functioning of the national equality bodies differs significantly across the EU. However, the Equal treatment directives of the Union have developed three broad areas of their work. One of these areas is that of making recommendations. This is of particular interest, since making recommendation to the national legislators based on their expertise presents a direct link between these bodies and the national administration. Thus this paper shows in how far the national equality bodies have the capacity of contributing to the Europeanization of the work of national legislators in the area of protection against discrimination. In order to get a broader view, this paper provides a comparison of the old and "new" Member States. It is shown that the national equality bodies use their position to make recommendations to legislators thus providing the opportunity for Europeanization of national administration in the area of non-discrimination.

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