Securitising Energy in Turkey: Cheap Talk or New Policies

Basak Alpan

This paper will focus on how energy emerges as a practical security concept and is represented in the policy discourses in Europe and Turkey. Ever since the end of Cold War and since 9/11 in particular, the concept of 'security' has experienced a profound conceptual change. A myriad of theoretical questions has accompanied this process, such as whether the normative foundation of the international relations is changing through various intersectoral patterns of securitisation/de-securitisation. Therefore, it is an interesting and worthy attempt to find out whether 'energy' as a highly significant sector has a new representation in the last three decades and how it links to the concept of 'security'. In this respect, the paper builds upon the theoretical framework of Copenhagen School which takes 'security' as a performative act. Therefore, the departure claim is that the emergence of 'energy' as a security concept is a social and political mechanism which yields important institutional consequences. All in all, the securitisation of 'energy' by the EU and Turkey and its impact on relevant governance structures are aimed to be investigated from a comparative perspective.

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