Securitising Polish Aid: Sources and Prospects of Foreign Aid as Flexible/effective Solidarity in theRefugee Crisis

Lukas Janulewicz

The Visegrád countries have been vocal in their opposition to EU refugee relocation following intensive securitisation of migration by incumbent governments. Nevertheless, they proposed the concepts of 'flexible' and later 'effective solidarity' to contribute to the crisis within the EU. While it appears to be an excuse for 'every support short of help'. Poland has indeed substantially realigned its aid flows in response and humanitarian assistance has enjoyed unprecedented levels of government attention and exposure. This paper addresses two aspects. First, it investigates the sources of this policy decision, tracing it back to both lesson-drawing from former EU and member state approaches as well as to NGO advocacy. Second, based on previous experiences with similar attempts, the paper tries to provide an assessment of the strategies effectiveness both as a standalone policy decision as well as a contribution to the EU's approach to the refugee crisis.

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