Should Natural Gas Supply Be Securitized in EU- Russia Energy Politics?

Sila Turac Baykara

Although starting to be debated in the 1973 oil embargo, the Russian-Ukrainian gas crises of 2006, 2009 and 2014, the EU brought the energy security to its agenda. Since Russia has used its natural gas as a political tool against the EU, this article aims to give the EU´s definition for the energy security through the lenses of the Copenhagen Schools` securitization theory in order to discuss whether the natural gas supplies to the EU from Russia is securitized via speech acts. Therefore, this study aims to what kind of measures are applied by the EU for securitizing the energy issue against Russia since its indigenous gas production declines and is dependent on Russian supplies in spite of its diversification attempts.

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