The current 'migration crisis' could be seen as a perfect example of 'integration without supranationalisation' (Bickerton, Hodson and Puetter, 2015). The failure of the Dublin regime has led the European Council to go beyond its agenda-setting role to become the main policy-making institution. The failed agreement on relocation quotas or the EU-Turkey Statement show clear attempts of member states to bypass supranational institutions when looking for solutions to the crisis. However, European Council decisions are often imperfect deals that need implementation and carry effects for day-to-day EU policy-making. For instance, the EU-Turkey deal hangs will likely hang like a Damocles sword on the European Parliament's decision on whether to give consent to a potential visa liberalisation agreement with Turkey. It argues that, by appealing to a 'crisis situation', member states have sequestered the policy-making competences of supranational actors and restricted their capacity to decide on the agenda and content of policies. Therefore, this paper examines to what extent this crisis can be explained with 'new intergovernmentalism or whether we need more complex accounts that take into account long-term processes of change.
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