Committed to Peace? Analysing Implementation of the Brussels Agreements

Cemaliye Beysoylu

This paper examines the conditions that influence the implementation process of the Brussels Agreements and demonstrates how the issues that stall the implementation are inherent parts of the Dialogue. Peace implementation focuses on the period parties turn the provisions of the signed accord into action. The implementation process is analysed along three dimensions; the role of the continuing international involvement, sincerity and capacity of the domestic actors to fulfil their commitments and the content and clarity and capacity of the agreed provisions to guide the implementation process. The paper proposes two intertwined factors that stall implementation of the Brussels Agreements. Firstly, the stalled implementation process is an inherent part of the EU's hybrid facilitation strategy that combines neo functionalism and constructive ambiguity. Accordingly, the process progresses in cycles and nearly all issues are back and forth on the negotiation table for some time until all the ambiguous aspects are clarified and implemented. Secondly, there is a dissonance between the neo functional logic of the EU and the way adversaries still perceive the conflict as an issue related to territory and sovereignty.

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