The twentieth century mass murder of the Jews stands out as a major historical event that many people have heard about, so the Holocaust has gradually become a more central element of collective memory in many countries. This knowledge is fragmented, distorted, manipulated, even abused. Manfred Gerstenfeld came up to the eight categories of 'the Holocaust distortion' in a preserved, cultural sense: Holocaust justification and promotion, Holocaust denial, Holocaust deflection and whitewashing, Holocaust de-Judaization, Holocaust equivalence, Holocaust inversion - the portraying of Israel and Jews as Nazis, Holocaust trivialization, and obliterating Holocaust memory. In her paper Jolanta Ambrosewicz-Jacobs is reconstructing the operations on cultural memory in Central-Eastern Europe and Poland, to find out that there is a major discrepancy between historiography (memory based on documents and facts), and formal education in the context of growing politicization of collective memory and identity in the current Poland.
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