The Standstill of the European Integration Process and Reversibility Issues

Antonella Forganni

The European integration process has developed steadily for about 50-60 years, but in the last ten years or so, due to different centrifugal forces, it has been slowing down. Indeed, for the very first time the necessity of the European integration has been seriously questioned. The sequence of recent crises faced by the European Union is alarming: from the financial to the economic and Eurozone crises, from the averted Grexit to the Brexit, from the conflicts in the Middle East to the migration crisis and the rising of nationalist and populist movements across Europe. The integration process hits today a turning point, where the possible options are either the breakup of the European family, and subsequent dismantlement of the integration project, or its renovation.In light of the foundations of the EU Law, should we qualified the European integration process as reversible or irreversible? In this context, do European integration theories explain the current perceived disintegration of the EU? This paper aims at providing a theoretical contribution to this debate through an interdisciplinary study, both legal and political, and to offer a deeper understanding of the current standstill of the EU.

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