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EU policy and its national cause factor at the time of an urgent external challenge - if and how has Poland impacted the EU position towards the crisis in Ukraine?

Patryk Czulno

The article applies the concept of Europeanization to examine the impact of a national cause factor (Poland) on the EU response to the external challenge (the current crisis in Ukraine). It explains Poland's strong interest in eastern policy (Section I), analyses Poland's action towards enhancing EU's Eastern Dimension (introducing the Eastern Partnership) (Section II), and further focuses on Poland's attempts to stimulate the current EU policy towards the crisis (Section III). The study aims to identify the main logics of change implemented by Poland and discuss their significance for the upload of the national preferences onto the EU. Accordingly, Poland relies upon socialization based on the horizontal policy exchange across EU countries, where it offers them its own expertise and motivation. This exchange involves policy learning occurring through such patterns of behaviour as mutual support for parallel foreign policy projects, rapprochement of competing interests, promotion of own standpoint, mobilizing other actors for action etc. The article concludes that, although no direct causal relationship between Poland's action and EU policy may be established (particularly in case of the current crisis), the above logics have more or less facilitated the projection of the national preferences on the EU level so that the EU response to the crisis has been by far compliant with the policy contents articulated by Poland.

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