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European Identity 'on the go': the Case of Transnational and Non-Transnational Europeans

Ana Carrillo-López

The freedom of movement, the lack of barriers or the advantage of travelling carrying a national ID, in other words, the increase of European citizens' rights due to the process of the EU integration, has encouraged and facilitated intra EU-mobility. The EU has experienced intra-European migration waves since the beginning of its implementation.Lately, the financial struggles in the Eurozone triggered EU mobility among those countries that experienced the highest rates of unemployment (Ireland, Greece, Spain, Italy and Portugal). According to the Eurostat there are approximately 13 million European citizens living in a different EU member state (2.7% of the total population). Despite that this number has steadily increased, the consequences of European transnationalism has not beenadequately studied (Fligstein 2009; Recchi et al. 2011; Kuhn 2015). Through a deductive approach analysing four waves of the Eurobarometer (2013, 2009, 2004, 2003) this work aims to offer a better comparative understanding of European identity among EU transnational and non-transnational European citizens.

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