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The Prospect of the EU's Arms Embargo Against China in the Post-Lisbon Treaty: from the Perspective of European Defense Industrial Policy

Peiran Wang, Qin Guo

The EU has maintained the arms embargo against China nearly 30 years. To present, the literature on this issue almost focuses on the different cognitions between Chinese and European on human rights, security; the US and Japan's diplomacy pressure on the EU for the aim of regional balance. As an important stakeholder of embargo policy, European defense industries has been neglected. Whether scale economics or power project, arms export usually is the important measure to the maintenance, development of defense industry. With the Lisbon Treaty, based on the consolidated institutional framework of Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP), the institutions and rules have proliferated at the EU-level (European Defense Agency, European Commission, European defense package), there is room for future intensified industrial consolidation and the industrial lobby towards the EU's decision-making procedure. In this paper, the authors assume the European defense industries will play significant role in the decision-making of lifting arms embargo against China or not. For the trans-European defense industries, the market share and profits from Chinese will impetus to its lobby to the EU. Considering embargo as a part of export control, under the pressure from the defense industries, the EU will adjust the scope and depth of export control. The paper is organized by three subsections, as following: • the implications of embargo on the defense industry;• the dialogue between the EU and defense industries, in which concludes the emerging EU defense industrial policies and the influences of defense industries in the EU relevant decision-making; • the feasible outlook of EU-China defense industrial relations

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