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Turkey and EU Enlargement: Problems and Prospects for Membership

Amit Jha

Turkey had shown its desire to become a member of EEC in 1959, when it applied for European Economic Community associate membership. As a result, association agreements were signed between EU and Turkey in 1963 with the aim of Turkey inclusion into Custom Union with EEC and ultimately translate it into full membership. In 1987, Turkey applied for the EEC full membership. The process gets derailed in 2006, when Turkey refused to extend additional protocol of Ankara agreement to Cyprus due to tension over the ethnic Turkish administration. As a result, EU freezes the accession process in-spite of Turkey's several institutional reforms to meet the Copenhagen criteria. To put the derailed relation on track EU-Turkey launched 'positive agenda' in 2012.However, Turkey accession process is going at snail's pace, as compare to other EU candidate countries. This thesis analyzes the pros and cons of Turkey as member states and why Turkey would be a great asset to EU. The thesis analyzes how Turkey would be change agent considering social, economic, political, security dimension. Main conclusion of the thesis is that certain advantages of Turkish membership outweigh the cost of possible drawbacks for both and hence accession process should be gear up.

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