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Intelligence Tradecraft and the Pre-crime Approach to EU Internal Security Governance

Artur Gruszczak

EU internal security policy has been in recent years progressively focused on prevention of threats and risks. The 2010 Internal Security Strategy for the EU highlighted the need for 'prevention and anticipation' conceived as a proactive intelligence-led approach to EU internal security. A pre-crime framework has been widely applied in fields like security studies, police science, criminology, ethics, political sociology and political geography, owing to its inherent explanatory power. The core element of pre-crime approach is the selection and identification of the most probable among abstract risks and dispersed threats, and the profiling, or sorting out, of particular social groups or individuals posing presumably imminent threats. In terms of security governance, it has to involve specific modes, techniques and tools of data processing and knowledge management in the context of precaution and anticipation.In the case of EU internal security, intelligence tradecraft, conceived as organizational capability enabling the emergence of synergies between EU agencies and bodies involved in information gathering, processing and exchange, is a critical factor determining success or failure of security governance.This paper aims at inserting the concept of intelligence tradecraft into the pre-crime analytical framework and verify the usefulness of such an approach to the study of EU internal security governance. The paper will focus on 'intelligence process' and 'intelligence product', i.e. how the stakeholders of EU internal security policy construct, modify and develop 'products' allowing for a better risk management and threat assessment in the context of precautionary and anticipatory attitudes towards EU security governance.

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