My paper presents the objectives of my PhD thesis that examines how national parliaments influence the European Union (EU) criminal law and policies in the improvement of the democratic process and in the rebalancing of the protection of human rights.The Treaty of Lisbon has made improvements in relation to the democratic process, the transparency of the decision making process and the protection of fundamental rights in EU Home Affairs and Justice. However two questions remain important: Whether in reality the new mechanisms institutionalized since 2011have been utilized to decrease the democratic deficit, and how the enhancement of the national parliaments' role has influenced the protection of fundamental rights in EU criminal law. After extensive research in EU criminal law and policy, it appears that the role of national parliaments to improve the democratic deficit was discussed before the Treaty of Lisbon. However since the enhancement of the role of national parliaments in EU criminal matters the existing analysis does not focus specifically on the involvement of national parliaments within EU criminal law and policies after 2011. My paper explains why the contribution of national parliaments in EU criminal law and policies is essential issue of EU democratic deficit.
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