In the past recent years the European Union (EU) has gradually gained weight as global actor. One of the main strategies used to achieve it has been the establishment of strategic partnerships with Russia (launched with the adoption of a Common Strategy in 1999 and with the creation of four Common Spaces in 2004) and with Brazil (mainly through the Strategic Partnership signed in 2007). The main goal of this research is to determine to what extent this dynamic has an impact on Russia's and Brazil's traditional role as regional leaders. More specifically, this contribution will look forward to understand if the establishment of a Strategic Partnership with the EU has enforced or weakened the regional leadership of Russia and Brazil and what are its consequences on regional integration processes in South America and Eurasia. In order to do it we will also take into consideration EU's interaction with Mercosur/UNASUR and with the Eurasian Economic Union.
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