It is important, not to say critical, for democratic governance to design institutional constraints to prevent power abuse by government officials and establish effective relationship with existing civil society actors in all those countries. The key challenge in adapting essential democratic institutions and values, especially those related to good governance, will be to make Ukraine and Belarus independent of interference by the government in power.First, my paper will look at institutional adaptation and change as a result of European integration process within new European Union member states by examining policy areas related to good governance , which either were implemented successfully or faced particular difficulties there. Second, the paper will examine institution-building programs of the Eastern Partnership policy, and understand how those institutional policies, which worked for accession countries, may well work for the Eastern Partnership countries. Third, it will determine specific conditions under which those programs could have worked most effectively considering present domestic environment in Ukraine and possibly Belarus. Finally, it will seek to find out strengths and weaknesses of EU political conditionality as a main policy instrument under Eastern Partnership framework with its ability to bring change in the areas of democratic institution-building to countries with transition economies.
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