The paper argues that the Lisbon Treaty will not exert a noticeable impact upon the effectiveness of CSDP. Certainly it addresses some important problems that have bedeviled EU security policies in the past, though even here its success is far from guaranteed. More fundamentally, the treaty does little if anything to address perhaps the fundamental challenge confronting CSDP: the reluctance of member states to take their responsibilities seriously. Indeed, given the source of the major problems confronting CSDP, a narrow focus on institutions and institutional evolution at the EU level not only largely misses the point, but may also be actively counterproductive, shifting attention from national governments and hence letting these latter ‘off the hook.’
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