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Deploying Military Force under CSDP: The Case of EUFOR Althea

Niklas Novaky

Since 2003, the European Union (EU) has launched six military operations under its Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). This is remarkable considering that all aspects of security and defence cooperation were kept outside the EU's decision-making structures from the 1950s until the 1999 Cologne European Council. Although many books and articles have already been written on the CSDP, the literature provides few insights into the reasons that drive EU Member States into participating in these operations. More specifically, the question of why they choose to deploy force under CSDP remains under explored.This paper presents a study on EUFOR Althea - the EU's military operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It draws hypotheses from International Relations theories and tests them against empirical evidence to answer the research question, i.e. why do EU Member States deploy military force under CSDP? Although the paper assumes that all CSDP operations are different because of their unique political contexts, it suggests that we should start looking for recurring patters in EU Member States' behaviour when they deploy force under CSDP. Therefore, it is hoped that this paper will be a step towards the construction of a more general model on military force deployment under CSDP.

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