This paper examines the EU's engagement in the promotion of African regionalism by studying the relations between the EU and the African Union (AU). The paper starts by briefly outlining the changing dynamics of the EU's approach towards Africa and then concentrates on the EU's efforts to promote regional integration through the African Union. Subsequently, it develops a theoretical framework to scrutinise the diffusion of regional integration that concentrates on the reception and possible adoption of regional integration patterns. Applying this theoretical framework, the AU's response to EU promotion of regionalism and the effectiveness of this policy are then tested. Building on these conclusions, the paper discusses the potential of the proposed theoretical framework, reflects on the overall effect of the promotion of regionalism and highlights possible changes to EU-AU cooperation in this regard.
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