This paper examines the transnational actors who seek to identify, contain and roll back the current transnational political-security threats to Europe and beyond. Moving away from the expansive extant literature on the adaptability of states to avert transnational security threats, this paper provides its contribution through examining actors emerging beyond the state level and analysing their capacity to facilitate and strengthen a transnational response to transnational security threats. By applying a transnationalist framework the role and potential of policy communities is examined to assess the extent to which they enhance transnational cooperation on security matters between the EU and Russia. Using the example of counter-terrorism cooperation, the involved policy communities across the EU and Russia are mapped out. Subsequently, their current significance as well as their achievable impact is outlined while taking into account other security political actors, videlicet nation states and international organisations. Herein attention is paid to the addition of policy tools as well as the power of knowledge, representing main potentialities of policy communities to make an impact. Thereafter, the applicability of their potential in realpolitik is measured by integrating three levels of measurement: structural tools, governance tools, and knowledge trends. Finally, the geographical scope is broadened to assess in how far the findings on the abovementioned inquiries are reflected in transnational politics across Eurasia.
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