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The Europeanization of Protest Politics. A Comparative Study of Six European Countries, 1995-2010

Martin Dolezal, Swen Hutter

Political contestation has entered the world of European integration studies during the last few years (e.g., Hooghe/Marks BJPS 2009). Apart from public opinion, voting behavior, and party competition, scholars interested in the 'politicization' of the integration process have also examined whether and how Europe has restructured the arena of protest politics (e.g., Imig/Tarrow 2001; della Porta/Caiani 2009). However, research on the Europeanization of protest is still rare as compared to the one on more institutionalized forms of participation and mobilization. Furthermore, the literature seems divided: While a few quantitative protest event studies exist that mainly focus on the extent and development of Europeanized protests, researchers relying on case studies or other strategies of data collection have paid close attention to the differing forms of Europeanized protests. The present paper attempts to bridge this divide by systematically tracing different forms of Europeanization in six European countries for the period 1995 to 2010. To do so, we rely on a new in-depth selection and coding of quality press articles on Europeanized political protest, i.e., on protest events with a European addressee, a European goal and/or a European framing. The countries covered are Austria, Britain, France, Germany, Sweden, and Switzerland. This sample allows us to test whether the extent and forms of Europeanization depend on a country's degree of integration since the countries range from non-member state Switzerland to two founding members (i.e., France and Germany).

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