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The Eastern Dimension of CFSP

Hans Martin Sieg

So far, the CFSP of the EU has neither been capable of dealing successfully with the remaining conflicts on its own continent nor with building an effective and comprehensive security architecture in Europe that would include Russia in particular. In November 2009 president Medvedev presented his draft for a new security treaty in Europe leading to the OSCE Corfu Process. In June 2010 he agreed with chancellor Merkel on the proposal that common efforts of Russia and the EU for a settlement of the Transnistria conflict should lead to a better inclusion of Russia in the decision making processes of EFSP by setting up a joint policy and security committee. Since then progress has been reached with respect to the resumption of formal conflict settlement negotiations in November 2011 and the election of a new leader in Transnistria in December which showed democratic advancement in the region. However, Transnistria may be supposed to become a test case for Russian foreign policy but it is also a test case for the effectiveness of EFSP with the real challenges still lying ahead. As for the Transnistria conflict no progress has been reached so far with respect to compromises between the conflicting positions of both sides. EU-Russia-Relations in general can vary widely between rapprochement and antagonism. After the warming up in the relations between NATO, the US, the EU and Russia in the last few years tension appear to raise again over issues like Iran, Missile Defense, Syria or EU Integration in the post-soviet space with a likely new Putin presidency also facing increasing problems domestically

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