Europeanization literature has been mostly produced for the EU member states. This literature recently started to consider in what ways and under which circumstances enlargement and the accession process change the identity, the interests, and the behavior of governmental and societal actors. Sezin Dereci analyzes Turkish accession to the EU to test the quality of EU approaches to non-state actors outside EUâ€™s borders. Various participatory mechanisms, capacity building initiatives funded by the EU, general frameworks dictated by the EU to overcome existing policy misfits, and exchanges at the transnational level bring a potential empowerment of non-state actors that will increase their willingness and capacities to contribute to the policy adoption process of an accession state. Her research examines the consequences the EU accession process has on non-state actors in Turkey, as the accession country is under investigation here. She indicates that the link between material and political opportunities that the EU might offer and domestic adaptation or mobilization of Turkish interest groups is not reflexive. Their mode of Europeanisation resonates from both external opportunities (i.e. the influence of the EU), internal constraints inherent to the respective organizations and their specific policy realms. Additionally, the pace of the EU and Turkey relations will be taken into account either as constraining or facilitator factor. The empirical data is drawn from expert interviews conducted with the key representatives from the organizations. This paper will have the focus on the NGO sector of the civil society realm.
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