My paper proposal is based on my PhD dissertation and deals with the building of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) of the EU from the 1990's and its Europeanization from 1999. I particularly focus on the French-German military cooperation trying to identify the social and political processes and networks underlying the building of a "Europe of Defence" since the 1990's. My enquiry field is mostly based on qualitative interviews (over 120) in Paris, Berlin and Brussels with French and German officers, diplomats and political actors. There're actually very few studies using this kind of sociological perspective on security questions in the EU . A lot of mainstream European studies either functionalist, intergovernmentalist or institutionalist tend to be normative, or tend either to rely on a perspective derived from the realist theory in IR, putting the concepts of national interests or raison d'Etat in the middle of the analysis, or to analyse this unique process with no historical precedent in neo-functionalist terms thus instilling a kind of automaticity (spill over) with cannot be observed per se looking at the empirical field of the European process. These are some points I am really eager to discuss.Here I'm trying to propose a slightly different perspective by using historical sociological tools. In my research design I rely on sociological tools as configuration (Elias, 1991a), habitus (in the sense of Elias, 1991), professional socialization and socializing processes. These concepts enable an in-depth analysis of how ESDP is being constructed as a specific configuration since the 1990's, and how in my study the French and German actors interact with the resulting ESDP structures. Historical sociology helps to understand why ESDP still lacks a clear common output and how much the long-term structuring of both domestic politico-military systems in France and Germany influences
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