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Privileged, problematic or problem solving partnership: the image of the European Union in contemporary Turkey

Jan Niemiec

The aim of proposed paper is to analyze the role of EU-Turkey relations in Turkish public debate from 2014 onwards. Since the official application submitted by Republic ofTurkey in 1987, accession negotiations proceeded extremely slowly until the whole process has come to an impasse in 2018. Although currently Turkey and the European Union share many common problems (e.g. migration crisis, threat of terrorism), their cooperation is very limited and thus often ineffective. The author argues that current debate in Turkey has beenshaped by President ErdoÄŸan's anti-Western rhetoric and is dominated by domestic factors (i.e. inward oriented). The main part of this research was devoted to the analysis of political discourse. In this context, opinions on the European Union of President ErdoÄŸan and the ruling Justice and Development Party as well as representatives of the parliamentary opposition were exploredin detail. The source analysis focused on identifying basic assumptions and objectives of Turkish foreign policy to describe Turkey's attitudes towards the EU. Accordingly, there are three possible scenarios for future partnership between Turkey and the EU: optimistic, pessimistic and realistic.

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