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Successful Securitization of the EU Energy Policy: a New Theoretical Perspective on Intra-Institutional Coherence

Iulii Selianko

The challenge of institutional coherence is an important trend which has accompanied the issue of European energy security for a long time. Achieving coordination and overcoming barriers to institutional coherence has become a constant mission. Nevertheless, theoretical explanations of what hinders the EU response to energysecurity challenges on institutional level remain a grey area. The paper intends to fill this gap and contribute to the theoretical toolbox of administrative governance andsecurity studies. Its central theme is the role of bureaucracy in multi-layered system of energy policy. More specifically, it will focus on the European Commission and itsadministrative dynamics in the sphere of energy security. The main questions of the paper: What is the role of civil servants in securitization process? And does thesecuritization on the administrative level undermine intra-institutional coherence? The paper will argue for a new perspective to look at the interaction within theCommission. In particular, the potential of securitisation theory will be explored. It will be concluded that with its special attention to perceptions, persuasion anddeliberation the securitization theory has a great potential to highlight the role of bureaucratic actors in energy discourse. Among other things it can help to analyse thenetworks of energy policy professionals and the systems of meaning they generate. The argument will go further to underline that institutional coherence at theEuropean Commission is influenced by energy security discourse, where civil servants have a great role to play.

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