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The Potentialities and Obstacles of the Comprehensive Approach within the EU as an Alternative Strategic Thinking for a Security Provider: the Case of EU NAVFOR

Diego Borrajo Valiña

The aim of this paper is to examine the implications derived from the comprehensive approach doctrine of the EU as a security actor. This paper focuses on the emerging multi-layered security approach of the EU to address its implications in the international crisis management. The case of European Union Naval Force ATALANTA (EU NAVFOR), which is inscribed within the framework of the European Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and the UN Security Council Resolutions, represents a relatively effective operation launched as part of a wider EU's Comprehensive Approach to Somalia. The paper draws on the EU ATALANTA (EU NAVFOR) to examine the merging of internal (police and rule of law) and external (military and diplomatic instruments) capabilities and its operational deployment on the ground within the EU's Comprehensive Approach in comparison with the traditionally predominant strategic thinking of the great powers, that is still dominating the geopolitical thinking in world politics. This paper identifies the potentialities and obstacles that the strategically differentiated EU's Comprehensive Approach poses to its ambitions to become an effective security provider and concludes that its success depends on the levels of efficacy provided in both, a technical and a political sense, in a context of permanent competition with the traditional well-established frameworks.

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