The notion of consolidation has been mostly analysed in the context of democracy (Linz and Stepan, 1996), which can be consider as consolidated when the population does not feel that any other solution is possible. Andreas Johansson (2013) used this methodological framework to analyse the relations between nation and democracy in the Republic of Moldova. He argues that no democracy consolidation is possible without a consolidated nation. The latter still looks to be an unsolved issue, as the Republic of Moldova is still a "state without nation" (Cazacu, Trifon 2010), a "weak state with uncertain citizenship" (Heintz, 2008) or even a result of "historical circumstances" (Nantoi, 2014). Our aim is to study the level and factors of consolidation of the State - the Republic of Moldova.In a field study conducted in 2014, we have interviewed in their mother tongue (Romanian or Russian) 20 representatives of the political, academic, intellectual and journalistic elite of the Republic of Moldova. Simultaneously, we have conducted surveys among students in two main regional universities of the country. The findings show a rather coherent (negative) point of view regarding the level of consolidation of the State. Several discrepancies and cleavages concern however the factors of consolidation's lack. Neither the attitude towards the European integration and its possible impact is commonly shared.The aim of the paper will be to present the findings and a forecast regarding the possible influence of the European factor upon the statehood of the Republic of Moldova - as a possible example for neighbouring Ukraine.Cazacu M., Trifon N. (2010) La République de Moldavie. Un État en quête de nation, Paris: Non-LieuHeintz M. (ed.) (2008) Weak state, uncertain citizenship: Moldova, Frankfurt: Peter Lang
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