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Perceptions and Challenges of European External Energy Governance with Emerging Powers

Michèle Knodt, Nadine Piefer, Franziska Müller

In a multipolar world with growing demand for energy not least by Emerging Powers, such as Brazil, India, China or South Africa (BICS) questions of EU external energy governance would at first hand appear to be a high-priority. Yet, reality tells a different story: the EU's geographical focus remains on adjacent countries in the European neighbourhood and on issues related to energy security. Despite being Strategic Partners and engaging in energy dialogues, it seems that the EU is lacking strategic vision and is not perceived as a major actor in energy cooperation with the BICS.This paper presents the results of two research projects shedding light on the challenges and perceptions of EU external energy governance vis-à-vis Brazil, India, China and South Africa by focusing on the following research questions: • How is the interaction between the EU and emerging powers shaped in the case of external energy relations? • Which messages do the EU and the BICS send out about their interests in the energy dialogues?• Is the EU perceived as a major international actor in the chosen media outlets and are its normative orientations of sustainability, competitiveness and security of supply shared by the BICS? Using methodologies of a comparative survey, media and network analysis we will assess these questions and in a final step draw conclusions on the EU's role as a global energy actor. Policy recommendations for improved cooperation on energy issues will be offered.

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