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Europeanisation of Political Institutions in Hungary - 10 Years after

Krisztina Arató

Hungary like 7 other East Central European countries, joined the European Union in 2004. Already more than a decade passed and we are still considered as NMS - New Member States. The 10th anniversary and the current developments in Hungarian EU politics provide a basis for raising the question of Europeanisation of Hungarian political institutions - to find answer to the questions of just how new we are. In this paper I argue that the theoretical framework of Europeanisation is suitable for analysing the political and polity developments in Hungary in the last 10 years. The key elements of Europeanisation theory - top-down and bottom up Europeanisation - are applicable for describing the changes in the political system as well as the governments's EU politics in the last the years. In my paper I describe the developments in governmental decision-making concerning EU legislation as well as the special field of "internal foreign policy" towards the EU in the case of governments since EU accession. I also examine the Europeanisation of the Hungarian Parliament, as well as the court system. This paper is connected to Boglárka Koller's paper that uses the same theoretical framework in order to analyse the Europeanisation of political actors in Hungary. It is argued that Hungary is an interesting case while apart from top-down processes, unique bottom-up Europeanisation issues can be identified.

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