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EU and USA as Key Immigration Destinations in the Early 21st Century. Can EU Benefit from the US Experiences?

Jan Misiuna, Marta Pachocka

Movements of large numbers of people between countries are among the most important features of international relations in the 21st century. The general direction of immigration is from poor states and regions to the rich states of the so-called North, such as member states of the European Union (particularly EU-15) and the United States of America. Although the social model of the United States is substantially different from the social model dominant in the European Union, their levels of economic and social development are both exceptionally high and attractive enough to motivate prospective immigrants to leave their countries of origin, often at considerable personal risk and expense. As the number of immigrants in the societies of the European Union and the United States rises, so does their importance in both societies. The presence of the increasing numbers of immigrants within the borders of each state additionally influences public policies. This paper presents socio-demographic characteristics of immigrants in the European Union and the United States in order to compare the immigrant populations of both regions and find how they differ. A question is posed whether the European Union and the United States have similar problems with their immigrant populations, and whether it is possible to use experiences of one entity to solve problems of the other. Nonreactive research methods were primarily used in the preparation of this paper, including official documents, statistical data and subject literature analysis.

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